Correct way to use get_or_create?

Correct way to use get_or_create?

I'm trying to use get_or_create for some fields in my forms, but I'm getting a 500 error when I try to do so.
One of the lines looks like this:
customer.source = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")

The error I get for the above code is:
Cannot assign "(, False)": "Customer.source" 
   must be a "Source" instance.

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

From the documentation get_or_create:

# get_or_create() a person with similar first names.

p, created = Person.objects.get_or_create(
    first_name='John',
    last_name='Lennon',
    defaults={'birthday': date(1940, 10, 9)},
)

# get_or_create() didn't have to create an object.
>>> created
False

Explanation:
Fields to be evaluated for similarity, have to be mentioned outside defaults. Rest of the fields have to be included in defaults. In case CREATE event occurs, all the fields are taken into consideration.

It looks like you need to be returning into a tuple, instead of a single variable, do like this:

customer.source,created = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")

Answer 2:

get_or_create returns a tuple.

customer.source, created = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")

Answer 3:

get_or_create() returns a tuple:

customer.source, created  = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")
  • created has a boolean value, is created or not.

  • customer.source has an object of get_or_create() method.

Answer 4:

Following @Tobu answer and @mipadi comment, in a more pythonic way, if not interested in the created flag, I would use:

customer.source, _ = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")

Answer 5:

The issue you are encountering is a documented feature of get_or_create.

When using keyword arguments other than “defaults” the return value of get_or_create is an instance. That’s why it is showing you the parens in the return value.

you could use customer.source = Source.objects.get_or_create(name="Website")[0] to get the correct value.

Here is a link for the documentation:
http://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/ref/models/querysets/#get-or-create-kwargs

References