Django self-referential foreign key

Django self-referential foreign key

I'm kind of new to webapps and database stuff in general so this might be a dumb question. I want to make a model ("CategoryModel") with a field that points to the primary id of another instance of the model (its parent).
class CategoryModel(models.Model):
    parentId = models.ForeignKey(CategoryModel)

How do I do this? Thanks! 


Answer 1:

You can pass in the name of a model as a string to ForeignKey and it will do the right thing.


parentId = models.ForeignKey("CategoryModel")

Or you can use the string “self”

parentId = models.ForeignKey("self")

Answer 2:

You can use the string ‘self’ to indicate a self-reference.

class CategoryModel(models.Model):
    parentId = models.ForeignKey('self')

Answer 3:

class Employee(models.Model):
    manager = models.ForeignKey('self', on_delete=models.CASCADE)


class Employee(models.Model):
    manager = models.ForeignKey("app.Employee", on_delete=models.CASCADE)

Answer 4:

You also to sett null=True and blank=True

class CategoryModel(models.Model):
    parentId = models.ForeignKey("self", on_delete=models.CASCADE, null=True, blank=True)

null=True, to allow in database
blank=True, to allow in form validation