Error: “dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required” on Django 1.4

Error: “dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required” on Django 1.4

I have an error message on django 1.4:

dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

[EDIT]
It happened when I tried using a template tag like: `{% for v in values %}:
dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

Request Method:     GET
Request URL:    ...
Django Version:     1.4.5
Exception Type:     ValueError
Exception Value:    

dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

Exception Location:     /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/djorm_hstore/fields.py in __init__, line 21
Python Executable:  /usr/bin/uwsgi-core
Python Version:     2.7.3
Python Path:    

['/var/www/',
 '.',
 '',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/plat-linux2',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-tk',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-old',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-dynload',
 '/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages',
 '/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/PIL',
 '/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.7']

Server time:    sam, 13 Jul 2013 16:15:45 +0200
Error during template rendering

In template /var/www/templates/app/index.html, error at line 172
dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

172     {% for product in products %}

Traceback Switch to copy-and-paste view

/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py in get_response

                            response = callback(request, *callback_args, **callback_kwargs)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/contrib/auth/decorators.py in _wrapped_view

                    return view_func(request, *args, **kwargs)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/views/decorators/http.py in inner

                return func(request, *args, **kwargs)

    ...
▶ Local vars
./app/views.py in index

            context_instance=RequestContext(request))

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/shortcuts/__init__.py in render_to_response

        return HttpResponse(loader.render_to_string(*args, **kwargs), **httpresponse_kwargs)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/loader.py in render_to_string

            return t.render(context_instance)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in render

                return self._render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in _render

            return self.nodelist.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in render

                    bit = self.render_node(node, context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/debug.py in render_node

                return node.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/loader_tags.py in render

            return compiled_parent._render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in _render

            return self.nodelist.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in render

                    bit = self.render_node(node, context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/debug.py in render_node

                return node.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/loader_tags.py in render

                result = block.nodelist.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/base.py in render

                    bit = self.render_node(node, context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/debug.py in render_node

                return node.render(context)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/template/defaulttags.py in render

            len_values = len(values)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/paginator.py in __len__

            return len(self.object_list)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/query.py in __len__

                    self._result_cache = list(self.iterator())

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/query.py in iterator

                        obj = model(*row[index_start:aggregate_start])

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/base.py in __init__

                    setattr(self, field.attname, val)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/djorm_hstore/fields.py in __set__

                value = self.field._attribute_class(value, self.field, obj)

    ...
▶ Local vars
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/djorm_hstore/fields.py in __init__

            super(HStoreDictionary, self).__init__(value, **params)

    ...
▶ Local vars

It happens too when I try to access on a hstore queryset:
[edit]
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "manage.py", line 14, in 
    execute_manager(settings)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 459, in execute_manager
    utility.execute()

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 382, in execute
    self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 196, in run_from_argv
    self.execute(*args, **options.__dict__)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 232, in execute
    output = self.handle(*args, **options)

File "/home/name/workspace/project/app/data/commands/my_command.py", line 60, in handle
    item_id = tmp[0].id,

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 207, in __getitem__
    return list(qs)[0]

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 87, in __len__
    self._result_cache.extend(self._iter)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 301, in iterator
    obj = model(*row[index_start:aggregate_start])

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/django/db/models/base.py", line 300, in __init__
    setattr(self, field.attname, val)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/djorm_hstore/fields.py", line 38, in __set__
    value = self.field._attribute_class(value, self.field, obj)

File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/djorm_hstore/fields.py", line 21, in __init__
    super(HStoreDictionary, self).__init__(value, **params)

ValueError: dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

the code is:
tmp = Item.objects.where(HE("kv").contains({'key':value}))

if tmp.count() > 0:

    item_id = tmp[0].id,

I'm just trying to access the value.  I don't understand the "update sequence" message.  When I use a cursor instead of hstore queryset,  the function works. The error comes on template rendering too.  I just restarted uwsgi and everything works well, but the error comes back later.
[edit]
Has someone an idea?

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

Just ran into this problem. I don’t know if it’s the same thing that hit your code, but for me the root cause was because I forgot to put name= on the last argument of the url (or path in Django 2.0+) function call.

For instance, the following functions throw the error from the question:

url(r'^foo/(?P<bar>[A-Za-z]+)/$', views.FooBar.as_view(), 'foo')
path('foo/{slug:bar}/', views.FooBar, 'foo')

But these actually work:

url(r'^foo/(?P<bar>[A-Za-z]+)/$', views.FooBar.as_view(), name='foo')
path('foo/{slug:bar}/', views.FooBar, name='foo')

The reason why the traceback is unhelpful is because internally, Django wants to parse the given positional argument as the keyword argument kwargs, and since a string is an iterable, an atypical code path begins to unfold. Always use name= on your urls!

Answer 2:

Error in your question is raised when you try something like following:

>>> a_dictionary = {}
>>> a_dictionary.update([[1]])
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ValueError: dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

It’s hard to tell where is the cause in your code unless you show your code, full traceback.

Answer 3:

I got this error when I was messing around with string and dictionary.

dict1 = {'taras': 'vaskiv', 'iruna': 'vaskiv'}
str1 = str(dict1)
dict(str1)
*** ValueError: dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required

So what you actually got to do to get dict from string is:

dic2 = eval(str1)
dic2
{'taras': 'vaskiv', 'iruna': 'vaskiv'}

Or in matter of security we can use literal_eval

from ast import literal_eval

Answer 4:

I faced the above mentioned problem when I forgot to pass a keyword argument name to url() function.

Code with error

 url(r"^testing/$", views.testing, "testing")

Code without error

url(r"^testing/$", views.testing, name="testing")

So finally I removed the above error in this way. It might be something different in your case. So check your url patterns in urls.py.

Answer 5:

Solution»

Pass a keyword argument name with value as your view name e.g home or home-view etc. to url() function.

Throws Error»

url(r'^home$', 'common.views.view1', 'home'),

Correct»

url(r'^home$', 'common.views.view1', name='home'),

Answer 6:

Here is the reproduced error.

>>> d = {}
>>> d.update([(1,)])
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ValueError: dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required
>>> 
>>> d
{}
>>> 
>>> d.update([(1, 2)])
>>> d
{1: 2}
>>> 
>>> d.update('hello_some_string')
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>  
ValueError: dictionary update sequence element #0 has length 1; 2 is required
>>> 

If you give the sequence and any element length is 1 and required two then we will get this kind of error.
See the above code. First time I gave the sequence with tuple and it’s length 1, then we got the error and dictionary is not updated. second time I gave inside tuple with with two elements, dictionary got updated.

Answer 7:

I got the same issue and found that it was due to wrong parameters.
In views.py, I used:

return render(request, 'demo.html',{'items', items})    

But I found the issue: {'items', items}. Changing to {'items': items} resolved the issue.

Answer 8:

In my case, my get_context_data in one of my views was returning return render(self.request, 'es_connection_error.html', {'error':error}); in a try/catch block instead of returning context

Answer 9:

The error should be with the params. Please verify that the params is a dictionary object. If it is just a list/tuple of arguments use only one * (*params) instead of two * (**params). This will explode the list/tuple into the proper amount of arguments.

Or, if the params is coming from some other part of code as a JSON file, please do json.loads(params), because the JSON objects sometimes behave as string and so you need to make it as a JSON using load from string (loads).

super(HStoreDictionary, self).__init__(value, **params)

Hope this helps!

Answer 10:

I encountered this issue when trying to invoke the update method with a parameter of a wrong type.
The expected dict was:

{'foo': True}

The one that was passed was:

{'foo': "True"}

make sure you check all the parameters you pass are of the expected type.

Answer 11:

You are sending one parameter incorrectly; it should be a dictionary object:

  • Wrong: func(a=r)

  • Correct: func(a={'x':y})

Answer 12:

I too had a similar type of problem . The solution is simple . just dont try to enter NULL or None value in values or u might have to use Something like this
dic.update([(key,value)])

References