How to add multiple objects to ManyToMany relationship at once in Django ?

How to add multiple objects to ManyToMany relationship at once in Django ?

Based on the Django doc, I should be able to pass multiple objects at once to be added to a manytomany relationship but I get a 

* TypeError: unhashable type: 'list'

when I try to pass a django queryset casted in a list. Passing a Queryset or a ValuesListQueryset seems to fail also. Is there a better way than use a for loop ?

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

Use: object.m2mfield.add(*items) as described in the documentation:

add() accepts an arbitrary number of arguments, not a list of them.

add(obj1, obj2, obj3, ...)

To expand that list into arguments, use *

add(*[obj1, obj2, obj3])

Addendum:

Django does not call obj.save() for each item but uses bulk_create(), instead.

Answer 2:

To add on, If you want to add them from a queryset

Example

# Returns a queryset
permissions = Permission.objects.all()

# Turns it into a list
permissions = list(permissions)

# Add the results to the many to many field (notice the *)

group = MyGroup.objects.get(name='test')

group.permissions.add(*permissions)

From: Insert queryset results into ManytoManyfield

Answer 3:

Django 1.9 adds additional ways for adding to a many-to-many relationship.

Documentation: https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.9/ref/models/relations/#django.db.models.fields.related.RelatedManager.set

set is a new nicety:

>>> new_list = [obj1, obj2, obj3]
>>> e.related_set.set(new_list)

References