How to perform OR condition in django queryset?

How to perform OR condition in django queryset?

I want to write a Django query equivalent to this SQL query:
SELECT * from user where income >= 5000 or income is NULL.

How to construct the Django queryset filter?
User.objects.filter(income__gte=5000, income=0)

This doesn't work, because it ANDs the filters. I want to OR the filters to get union of individual querysets.

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

from django.db.models import Q
User.objects.filter(Q(income__gte=5000) | Q(income__isnull=True))

via Documentation

Answer 2:

Because QuerySets implement the Python __or__ operator (|), or union, it just works. As you’d expect, the | binary operator returns a QuerySet so order_by(), .distinct(), and other queryset filters can be tacked on to the end.

combined_queryset = User.objects.filter(income__gte=5000) | User.objects.filter(income__isnull=True)
ordered_queryset = combined_queryset.order_by('-income')

Update 2019-06-20: This is now fully documented in the Django 2.1 QuerySet API reference. More historic discussion can be found in DjangoProject ticket #21333.

Answer 3:

Both options are already mentioned in the existing answers:

from django.db.models import Q
q1 = User.objects.filter(Q(income__gte=5000) | Q(income__isnull=True))

and

q2 = User.objects.filter(income__gte=5000) | User.objects.filter(income__isnull=True)

However, there seems to be some confusion regarding which one is to prefer.

The point is that they are identical on the SQL level, so feel free to pick whichever you like!

The Django ORM Cookbook talks in some detail about this, here is the relevant part:


queryset = User.objects.filter(
        first_name__startswith='R'
    ) | User.objects.filter(
    last_name__startswith='D'
)

leads to

In [5]: str(queryset.query)
Out[5]: 'SELECT "auth_user"."id", "auth_user"."password", "auth_user"."last_login",
"auth_user"."is_superuser", "auth_user"."username", "auth_user"."first_name",
"auth_user"."last_name", "auth_user"."email", "auth_user"."is_staff",
"auth_user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user"
WHERE ("auth_user"."first_name"::text LIKE R% OR "auth_user"."last_name"::text LIKE D%)'

and

qs = User.objects.filter(Q(first_name__startswith='R') | Q(last_name__startswith='D'))

leads to

In [9]: str(qs.query)
Out[9]: 'SELECT "auth_user"."id", "auth_user"."password", "auth_user"."last_login",
 "auth_user"."is_superuser", "auth_user"."username", "auth_user"."first_name",
  "auth_user"."last_name", "auth_user"."email", "auth_user"."is_staff",
  "auth_user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user"
  WHERE ("auth_user"."first_name"::text LIKE R% OR "auth_user"."last_name"::text LIKE D%)'

source: django-orm-cookbook


References